Published subjects for languages

This is a set of published subject indicators useful for identifying languages by URI. The The identifiers are URIs based on the bibliographic three-letter codes in the ISO 639 standard ("Codes for the representation of names of languages"). The published subject set includes all the languages in ISO 639-2, including those which do not have two-letter codes.

WARNING! This is just a proposal. Please note that this page is not published in its correct location, nor are the identifier URIs finalized yet. Feedback is very much desired, either to the chair or to the TC mailing list.


Publisher: OASIS GeoLang TC
Version: 1.0alpha1
Up to date by: 2002-08-02
Published: 2002-08-18

Machine-oriented metadata about this published subject set can be found in separate resources referenced below.

639-meta.xtm Metadata about the PSI set.
639-basic.xtm Basic assertions about the languages.
639-mapping.xtm Mappings between the new PSIs in this PSI set and the ones published by TopicMaps.Org together with XTM 1.0.

Published subject indicators

This PSI set

This is a set of published subjects for languages based on the ISO 639 codes for languages, published and maintained by the OASIS GeoLang TC. (Subject identifier:

The concept of 'language'

The concept of 'language' included in this published subject set is that of the class implicitly defined by ISO 639-2 as the set of entities to which the ISO 639 Maintenance Agency might assign a language code. (Subject identifier:

The concept of 'language group'

The concept of 'language group' included in this published subject set is that of the class implicitly defined by ISO 639-2 as the set of entities to which the ISO 639 Maintenance Agency might assign a collective language code. (Subject identifier:

Individual languages

Each of the rows in the table below indicate a different subject. For each row, the subject indicated is the subject identified by the three given ISO 639 codes and the French and English names for that subject as given in ISO 639-2. The last column gives the subject identifier for each language or language group, based on the terminological code.

Name (English) Name (French) A2 A3B A3T Published subject identifier
Afar afar aa aar aar
Abkhazian abkhaze ab abk abk
Achinese aceh   ace ace
Acoli acoli   ach ach
Adangme adangme   ada ada
Afro-Asiatic (Other) afro-asiatiques, autres langues   afa afa
Afrihili afrihili   afh afh
Afrikaans afrikaans af afr afr
Akan akan   aka aka
Akkadian akkadien   akk akk
Albanian albanais sq alb sqi
Aleut aléoute   ale ale
Algonquian languages algonquines, langues   alg alg
Amharic amharique am amh amh
English, Old (ca.450-1100) anglo-saxon (ca.450-1100)   ang ang
Apache languages apache   apa apa
Arabic arabe ar ara ara
Aramaic araméen   arc arc
Armenian arménien hy arm hye
Araucanian araucan   arn arn
Arapaho arapaho   arp arp
Artificial (Other) artificielles, autres langues   art art
Arawak arawak   arw arw
Assamese assamais as asm asm
Bable; Asturian bable; asturien   ast ast
Athapascan languages athapascanes, langues   ath ath
Australian languages australiennes, langues   aus aus
Avaric avar   ava ava
Avestan avestique ae ave ave
Awadhi awadhi   awa awa
Aymara aymara ay aym aym
Azerbaijani azéri az aze aze
Banda banda   bad bad
Bamileke languages bamilékés, langues   bai bai
Bashkir bachkir ba bak bak
Baluchi baloutchi   bal bal
Bambara bambara   bam bam
Balinese balinais   ban ban
Basque basque eu baq eus
Basa basa   bas bas
Baltic (Other) baltiques, autres langues   bat bat
Beja bedja   bej bej
Belarusian biélorusse be bel bel
Bemba bemba   bem bem
Bengali bengali bn ben ben
Berber (Other) berbères, autres langues   ber ber
Bhojpuri bhojpuri   bho bho
Bihari bihari bh bih bih
Bikol bikol   bik bik
Bini bini   bin bin
Bislama bichlamar bi bis bis
Siksika blackfoot   bla bla
Bantu (Other) bantoues, autres langues   bnt bnt
Bosnian bosniaque bs bos bos
Braj braj   bra bra
Breton breton br bre bre
Batak (Indonesia) batak (Indonésie)   btk btk
Buriat bouriate   bua bua
Buginese bugi   bug bug
Bulgarian bulgare bg bul bul
Burmese birman my bur mya
Caddo caddo   cad cad
Central American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique centrale, autres langues   cai cai
Carib caribe   car car
Catalan catalan ca cat cat
Caucasian (Other) caucasiennes, autres langues   cau cau
Cebuano cebuano   ceb ceb
Celtic (Other) celtiques, autres langues   cel cel
Chamorro chamorro ch cha cha
Chibcha chibcha   chb chb
Chechen tchÉtchène ce che che
Chagatai djaghataï   chg chg
Chinese chinois zh chi zho
Chuukese chuuk   chk chk
Mari mari   chm chm
Chinook jargon chinook, jargon   chn chn
Choctaw choctaw   cho cho
Chipewyan chipewyan   chp chp
Cherokee cherokee   chr chr
Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Church Slavic; Old Church Slavonic vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare; slavon d'église cu chu chu
Chuvash tchouvache cv chv chv
Cheyenne cheyenne   chy chy
Chamic languages chames, langues   cmc cmc
Coptic copte   cop cop
Cornish cornique kw cor cor
Corsican corse co cos cos
Creoles and pidgins, English-based (Other) créoles et pidgins anglais, autres   cpe cpe
Creoles and pidgins, French-based (Other) créoles et pidgins français, autres   cpf cpf
Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based (Other) créoles et pidgins portugais, autres   cpp cpp
Cree cree   cre cre
Creoles and pidgins (Other) créoles et pidgins divers   crp crp
Cushitic (Other) couchitiques, autres langues   cus cus
Czech tchèque cs cze ces
Dakota dakota   dak dak
Danish danois da dan dan
Dayak dayak   day day
Delaware delaware   del del
Slave (Athapascan) esclave (athapascan)   den den
Dogrib dogrib   dgr dgr
Dinka dinka   din din
Divehi maldivien   div div
Dogri dogri   doi doi
Dravidian (Other) dravidiennes, autres langues   dra dra
Duala douala   dua dua
Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350) néerlandais moyen (ca. 1050-1350)   dum dum
Dutch néerlandais nl dut nld
Dyula dioula   dyu dyu
Dzongkha dzongkha dz dzo dzo
Efik efik   efi efi
Egyptian (Ancient) égyptien   egy egy
Ekajuk ekajuk   eka eka
Elamite élamite   elx elx
English anglais en eng eng
English, Middle (1100-1500) anglais moyen (1100-1500)   enm enm
Esperanto espéranto eo epo epo
Estonian estonien et est est
Ewe éwé   ewe ewe
Ewondo éwondo   ewo ewo
Fang fang   fan fan
Faroese féroïen fo fao fao
Fanti fanti   fat fat
Fijian fidjien fj fij fij
Finnish finnois fi fin fin
Finno-Ugrian (Other) finno-ougriennes, autres langues   fiu fiu
Fon fon   fon fon
French français fr fre fra
French, Middle (ca.1400-1600) français moyen (1400-1600)   frm frm
French, Old (842-ca.1400) français ancien (842-ca.1400)   fro fro
Frisian frison fy fry fry
Fulah peul   ful ful
Friulian frioulan   fur fur
Ga ga   gaa gaa
Gayo gayo   gay gay
Gbaya gbaya   gba gba
Germanic (Other) germaniques, autres langues   gem gem
Georgian géorgien ka geo kat
German allemand de ger deu
Geez guèze   gez gez
Gilbertese kiribati   gil gil
Scottish Gaelic; Gaelic gaéliqueécossais; gaélique gd gla gla
Irish irlandais ga gle gle
Gallegan galicien gl glg glg
Manx manx; mannois gv glv glv
German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500) allemand, moyen haut (ca. 1050-1500)   gmh gmh
German, Old High (ca.750-1050) allemand, vieux haut (ca. 750-1050)   goh goh
Gondi gond   gon gon
Gorontalo gorontalo   gor gor
Gothic gothique   got got
Grebo grebo   grb grb
Greek, Ancient (to 1453) grec ancien (jusqu'à1453)   grc grc
Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453) el gre ell
Guarani guarani gn grn grn
Gujarati goudjrati gu guj guj
Gwich´in gwich´in   gwi gwi
Haida haida   hai hai
Hausa haoussa ha hau hau
Hawaiian hawaïen   haw haw
Hebrew hébreu he heb heb
Herero herero hz her her
Hiligaynon hiligaynon   hil hil
Himachali himachali   him him
Hindi hindi hi hin hin
Hittite hittite   hit hit
Hmong hmong   hmn hmn
Hiri Motu hiri motu ho hmo hmo
Hungarian hongrois hu hun hun
Hupa hupa   hup hup
Iban iban   iba iba
Igbo igbo   ibo ibo
Icelandic islandais is ice isl
Ido ido io ido ido
Ijo ijo   ijo ijo
Inuktitut inuktitut iu iku iku
Interlingue interlingue ie ile ile
Iloko ilocano   ilo ilo
Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association) interlingua (langue auxiliaire internationale) ia ina ina
Indic (Other) indo-aryennes, autres langues   inc inc
Indonesian indonésien id ind ind
Indo-European (Other) indo-européennes, autres langues   ine ine
Inupiaq inupiaq ik ipk ipk
Iranian (Other) iraniennes, autres langues   ira ira
Iroquoian languages iroquoises, langues (famille)   iro iro
Italian italien it ita ita
Javanese javanais jv jav jav
Japanese japonais ja jpn jpn
Judeo-Persian judéo-persan   jpr jpr
Judeo-Arabic judéo-arabe   jrb jrb
Kara-Kalpak karakalpak   kaa kaa
Kabyle kabyle   kab kab
Kachin kachin   kac kac
Kalaallisut groenlandais kl kal kal
Kamba kamba   kam kam
Kannada kannada kn kan kan
Karen karen   kar kar
Kashmiri kashmiri ks kas kas
Kanuri kanouri   kau kau
Kawi kawi   kaw kaw
Kazakh kazakh kk kaz kaz
Khasi khasi   kha kha
Khoisan (Other) khoisan, autres langues   khi khi
Khmer khmer km khm khm
Khotanese khotanais   kho kho
Kikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu ki kik kik
Kinyarwanda rwanda rw kin kin
Kirghiz kirghize ky kir kir
Kimbundu kimbundu   kmb kmb
Konkani konkani   kok kok
Komi komi kv kom kom
Kongo kongo   kon kon
Korean coréen ko kor kor
Kosraean kosrae   kos kos
Kpelle kpellé   kpe kpe
Kru krou   kro kro
Kurukh kurukh   kru kru
Kwanyama, Kuanyama kwanyama; kuanyama kj kua kua
Kumyk koumyk   kum kum
Kurdish kurde ku kur kur
Kutenai kutenai   kut kut
Ladino judéo-espagnol   lad lad
Lahnda lahnda   lah lah
Lamba lamba   lam lam
Lao lao lo lao lao
Latin latin la lat lat
Latvian letton lv lav lav
Lezghian lezghien   lez lez
Limburgish; Limburger; Limburgan limbourgeois li lim lim
Lingala lingala ln lin lin
Lithuanian lituanien lt lit lit
Mongo mongo   lol lol
Lozi lozi   loz loz
Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois lb ltz ltz
Luba-Lulua luba-lulua   lua lua
Luba-Katanga luba-katanga   lub lub
Ganda ganda   lug lug
Luiseno luiseno   lui lui
Lunda lunda   lun lun
Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) luo (Kenya et Tanzanie)   luo luo
Lushai lushai   lus lus
Macedonian macédonien mk mac mkd
Madurese madourais   mad mad
Magahi magahi   mag mag
Marshallese marshall mh mah mah
Maithili maithili   mai mai
Makasar makassar   mak mak
Malayalam malayalam ml mal mal
Mandingo mandingue   man man
Maori maori mi mao mri
Austronesian (Other) malayo-polynésiennes, autres langues   map map
Marathi marathe mr mar mar
Masai massaï   mas mas
Malay malais ms may msa
Mandar mandar   mdr mdr
Mende mendé   men men
Irish, Middle (900-1200) irlandais moyen (900-1200)   mga mga
Micmac micmac   mic mic
Minangkabau minangkabau   min min
Miscellaneous languages diverses, langues   mis mis
Mon-Khmer (Other) môn-khmer, autres langues   mkh mkh
Malagasy malgache mg mlg mlg
Maltese maltais mt mlt mlt
Manchu mandchou   mnc mnc
Manipuri manipuri   mni mni
Manobo languages manobo, langues   mno mno
Mohawk mohawk   moh moh
Moldavian moldave mo mol mol
Mongolian mongol mn mon mon
Mossi moré   mos mos
Multiple languages multilingue   mul mul
Munda languages mounda, langues   mun mun
Creek muskogee   mus mus
Marwari marvari   mwr mwr
Mayan languages maya, langues   myn myn
Nahuatl nahuatl   nah nah
North American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Nord, autres langues   nai nai
Neapolitan napolitain   nap nap
Nauru nauruan na nau nau
Navajo; Navaho navaho nv nav nav
South Ndebele ndébélédu Sud nr nbl nbl
North Ndebele ndébélédu Nord nd nde nde
Ndonga ndonga ng ndo ndo
Saxon, Low; German, Low; Low Saxon; Low German saxon, bas; allemand, bas; bas saxon; bas allemand   nds nds
Nepali népalais ne nep nep
Newari newari   new new
Nias nias   nia nia
Niger-Kordofanian (Other) nigéro-congolaises, autres langues   nic nic
Niuean niué   niu niu
Nynorsk, Norwegian; Norwegian Nynorsk nynorsk, norvégien; norvégien nynorsk nn nno nno
Norwegian Bokmål; Bokmål, Norwegian norvégien bokmål; bokmål, norvégien nb nob nob
Norse, Old norrois, vieux   non non
Norwegian norvégien no nor nor
Sotho, Northern sotho du Nord   nso nso
Nubian languages nubiennes, langues   nub nub
Nyanja; Chichewa; Chewa nyanja; chichewa; chewa ny nya nya
Nyamwezi nyamwezi   nym nym
Nyankole nyankolé   nyn nyn
Nyoro nyoro   nyo nyo
Nzima nzema   nzi nzi
Provençal; Occitan (post 1500) provençal; occitan (après 1500) oc oci oci
Ojibwa ojibwa   oji oji
Oriya oriya or ori ori
Oromo galla om orm orm
Osage osage   osa osa
Ossetic; Ossetian ossète os oss oss
Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) turc ottoman (1500-1928)   ota ota
Otomian languages otomangue, langues   oto oto
Papuan (Other) papoues, autres langues   paa paa
Pangasinan pangasinan   pag pag
Pahlavi pahlavi   pal pal
Pampanga pampangan   pam pam
Panjabi pendjabi pa pan pan
Papiamento papiamento   pap pap
Palauan palau   pau pau
Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.) perse, vieux (ca. 600-400 av. J.-C.)   peo peo
Persian persan fa per fas
Philippine (Other) philippines, autres langues   phi phi
Phoenician phénicien   phn phn
Pali pali pi pli pli
Polish polonais pl pol pol
Pohnpeian pohnpei   pon pon
Portuguese portugais pt por por
Prakrit languages prâkrit   pra pra
Provençal, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à1500)   pro pro
Pushto pachto ps pus pus
Quechua quechua qu que que
Rajasthani rajasthani   raj raj
Rapanui rapanui   rap rap
Rarotongan rarotonga   rar rar
Romance (Other) romanes, autres langues   roa roa
Raeto-Romance rhéto-roman rm roh roh
Romany tsigane   rom rom
Romanian roumain ro rum ron
Rundi rundi rn run run
Russian russe ru rus rus
Sandawe sandawe   sad sad
Sango sango sg sag sag
Yakut iakoute   sah sah
South American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Sud, autres langues   sai sai
Salishan languages salish, langues   sal sal
Samaritan Aramaic samaritain   sam sam
Sanskrit sanskrit sa san san
Sasak sasak   sas sas
Santali santal   sat sat
Serbian serbe sr scc srp
Scots écossais   sco sco
Croatian croate hr scr hrv
Selkup selkoupe   sel sel
Semitic (Other) sémitiques, autres langues   sem sem
Irish, Old (to 900) irlandais ancien (jusqu'à900)   sga sga
Sign languages langues des signes   sgn sgn
Shan chan   shn shn
Sidamo sidamo   sid sid
Sinhalese singhalais si sin sin
Siouan languages sioux, langues   sio sio
Sino-Tibetan (Other) sino-tibétaines, autres langues   sit sit
Slavic (Other) slaves, autres langues   sla sla
Slovak slovaque sk slo slk
Slovenian slovène sl slv slv
Southern Sami sami du Sud   sma sma
Northern Sami sami du Nord se sme sme
Sami languages (Other) sami, autres langues   smi smi
Lule Sami sami de Lule   smj smj
Inari Sami sami d'Inari   smn smn
Samoan samoan sm smo smo
Skolt Sami sami skolt   sms sms
Shona shona sn sna sna
Sindhi sindhi sd snd snd
Soninke soninké   snk snk
Sogdian sogdien   sog sog
Somali somali so som som
Songhai songhai   son son
Sotho, Southern sotho du Sud st sot sot
Spanish; Castilian espagnol; castillan es spa spa
Sardinian sarde sc srd srd
Serer sérère   srr srr
Nilo-Saharan (Other) nilo-sahariennes, autres langues   ssa ssa
Swati swati ss ssw ssw
Sukuma sukuma   suk suk
Sundanese soundanais su sun sun
Susu soussou   sus sus
Sumerian sumérien   sux sux
Swahili swahili sw swa swa
Swedish suédois sv swe swe
Syriac syriaque   syr syr
Tahitian tahitien ty tah tah
Tai (Other) thaïes, autres langues   tai tai
Tamil tamoul ta tam tam
Tatar tatar tt tat tat
Telugu télougou te tel tel
Timne temne   tem tem
Tereno tereno   ter ter
Tetum tetum   tet tet
Tajik tadjik tg tgk tgk
Tagalog tagalog tl tgl tgl
Thai thaï th tha tha
Tibetan tibétain bo tib bod
Tigre tigré   tig tig
Tigrinya tigrigna ti tir tir
Tiv tiv   tiv tiv
Tokelau tokelau   tkl tkl
Tlingit tlingit   tli tli
Tamashek tamacheq   tmh tmh
Tonga (Nyasa) tonga (Nyasa)   tog tog
Tonga (Tonga Islands) tongan (Îles Tonga) to ton ton
Tok Pisin tok pisin   tpi tpi
Tsimshian tsimshian   tsi tsi
Tswana tswana tn tsn tsn
Tsonga tsonga ts tso tso
Turkmen turkmène tk tuk tuk
Tumbuka tumbuka   tum tum
Tupi languages tupi, langues   tup tup
Turkish turc tr tur tur
Altaic (Other) altaïques, autres langues   tut tut
Tuvalu tuvalu   tvl tvl
Twi twi tw twi twi
Tuvinian touva   tyv tyv
Ugaritic ougaritique   uga uga
Uighur ouïgour ug uig uig
Ukrainian ukrainien uk ukr ukr
Umbundu umbundu   umb umb
Undetermined indéterminée   und und
Urdu ourdou ur urd urd
Uzbek ouszbek uz uzb uzb
Vai vaï   vai vai
Venda venda   ven ven
Vietnamese vietnamien vi vie vie
Volapük volapük vo vol vol
Votic vote   vot vot
Wakashan languages wakashennes, langues   wak wak
Walamo walamo   wal wal
Waray waray   war war
Washo washo   was was
Welsh gallois cy wel cym
Sorbian languages sorabes, langues   wen wen
Walloon wallon wa wln wln
Wolof wolof wo wol wol
Xhosa xhosa xh xho xho
Yao yao   yao yao
Yapese yapois   yap yap
Yiddish yiddish yi yid yid
Yoruba yoruba yo yor yor
Yupik languages yupik, langues   ypk ypk
Zapotec zapotèque   zap zap
Zenaga zenaga   zen zen
Zhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang za zha zha
Zande zandé   znd znd
Zulu zoulou zu zul zul
Zuni zuni   zun zun